A core component of evidence-based medicine is understanding how to assess the research evidence that is available. Critically assessing research evidence involves evaluating the quality and validity of the study, as well as whether the study is applicable to your current clinical question.
As you critically assess a study, ask yourself the following questions*:
Use the links below to find guidelines for assessing methodologies and checklists for appraising different types of studies, as well as links to resources that teach how to read and assess medical literature.
*Questions from The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine's Critical Appraisal Tools.
Provides appraisal checklists in a variety of languages for various types of research question and types of study.
Provides a checklist for appraising RCTs.
Provides appraisal checklists for various types of study.
Provides appraisal worksheets for a variety of study types, as well as articles that explain how to use various study types in evidence-based practice.
Provides guidelines for assessing methodologies for different study designs.
Upload Randomized Controlled Trial articles into this machine-learning tool, and the tool automatically determines information about how the trial was conducted.
Provides twenty general questions to help determine the reliability and applicability of a study.
After reading this article, participants will be able to define Evidence-Based Veterinary Medicine (EBVM), have the tools to develop a clinical question, and an understanding of how the type of evidence is hierarchical in clinical decision making.
Evaluating the evidence describes the scientific basis of evidence as presented in papers describing the results of clinical research. The types of errors that may lead to misinterpretation of evidence are discussed. This article includes descriptions of the main types of research performed in veterinary clinical research and notes on their advantages and disadvantages.
Critical appraisal skills enabling assessment of the validity and importance of evidence are essential for clinicians to make informed decisions regarding what new information should be incorporated into their clinical practice. This review highlights key points to consider in a critical review concentrating on common study designs used in the equine literature.
Presents a method to read articles published in scientific journals.
There is a tremendous amount of medical literature available to the clinician. The challenge is to identify information that is useful and relevant for the patient population of interest. This article provides an overview of important considerations when critically appraising a report, such as selection of the study population, features of the study design used, potential sources of bias, and evaluation of the statistical evidence.
This page contains links to journal articles dealing with a variety of topics related to reading articles.