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This is a text-only Word document of "The Information Timeline" shared below.
In order to find and effectively use information, you need to first understand how it is produced. This is where the information timeline comes in - it shows the progression of information about an event or topic. Understanding this timeline will help you better evaluate what sources you should turn to in order to find the best information.
Day Of: Social Media, Internet, TV
Can be inaccurate, incomplete, biased, and highly emotional
Week Of and Week(s) After: Newspapers
More detailed and factual reporting
Quotes from experts, statistics, and/or photographs
Written by journalists for general audience (not scholarly)
Opinion pieces begin to appear
Week(s) After: Popular Magazines
More detailed reporting including interviews, opinions, and analysis
Authors are diverse: professional journalists, commentators, scholars, or experts in the field
Factual information BUT can have bias reflecting the publication
Months After: Scholarly Journals
Detailed analysis backed by evidence-based research
Peer-reviewed which helps ensure accuracy and quality
Written by experts and scholars in the field
Written for a specific audience (scholars) - can be difficult to understand because of discipline-specific language or jargon
A Year After: Books
In-depth coverage often providing comprehensive overviews of topic
May have bias as authors' credentials and authority can vary
Can be scholarly (detailed analysis) or popular (general discussion)