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Introductory Biology

Empirical Scientific Research

Empirical Articles Review Articles

Reports of original research

Have...

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion

Look for...

         "we tested"

         "in our study, we measured..."

Critical evaluations of material already published.

They...

  • Define or clarify a problem
  • Summarize previous investigations
  • Identify problems or gaps in knowledge
  • Suggest the next steps

No physical (lab) research done

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