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BIO 1208 & 1209: Resources for Your Research

Did You Know?

This is a link to Kathryn Everson's flickr page where she has created a graphic on publishing in the sciences.  This is a step-by-step graphic on what that publishing process really looks like, the rigors of peer-review, and why good research is a science in itself! 

Primary versus Secondary Articles

Primary Source Articles (Original/Empirical Research) Secondary Source Articles (Review Articles) 

Reports of original research


  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion

Look for...

         "we tested"

         "in our study, we measured..."

Critical evaluations of material already published.


  • Define or clarify a problem
  • Summarize previous investigations
  • Identify problems or gaps in knowledge
  • Suggest the next steps

No physical (lab) research done




Reading Empirical (Primary) Research

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