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RNR 4051 Wildlife Habitat Management: Citation Help

A course guide for RNR 4051 Wildlife Habitat Management

Avoiding Plagiarism

"What is Plagiarism?

Nearly everyone understands that copying passages verbatim from another writer's work and representing them as one's own work constitute plagiarism. Yet plagiarism involves much more. At LSU plagiarism is defined to include any use of another's work and submitting that work as one's own. This means not only copying passages of writing or direct quotations but also paraphrasing or using structure or ideas without citation. Learning how to paraphrase and when and how to cite is an essential step in maintaining academic integrity." From LSU Student Advocacy & Accountability


Here are some links to help you avoid plagiarism when working on your papers.

Is writing not your strongest suit? That's okay! If you need writing assistance, we HIGHLY recommend the CXC writing center. They can help you. 

Journal of Wildlife Management Basic Rules

There are certain rules that apply to all JWM citations in your reference list:

  • Reference lists are alphabetized by the authors' last names.
  • Format each entry in your reference list using a hanging indent.  This means that every line after the first line is indented 1/2 inch.
  • Most titles (article titles, chapter titles, web page titles, or book titles) should be written with the first letter of the first word capitalized, and all subsequent words should be written in lower case (with the exception of proper nouns).  

EXAMPLES: Elk of North America: ecology and management or Characterization of the North American beaver

  • Journal titles should be written with every major word capitalized.  

EXAMPLE: Journal of Wildlife Management

  • Do not italicize or use quotes around titles
  • Spell out all words in the Literature Cited with the exceptions being Washington, D.C.,  U.S., and USA
  • Use two initials (where appropriate) with one space between each initial.
  • Place a comma between all names, even if there are only two.

EXAMPLE: Schmidt, B. R., and J. Pellet.

  • Only reverse the name order of the first author

EXAMPLE: Thogmartin, W. E., J. R. Sauer, and M. G. Knutson

Journal of Wildlife Management Citation Style Examples


Journal Article

Author Last Name, First Initial. Year. Article Title. Journal Title Volume: Page Numbers.


Pulliam, H. R. 1988. Sources, sinks, and population regulation. American Naturalist 132:52–61. 

Steigers, W. D., Jr., and J. T. Flinders. 1980.  A breakaway expandable collar for cervids.  Journal of Mammalogy 61:150-152.

Bonenfant, C., J. Gaillard, T. Coulson, M. Festa‐Bianchet, A. Loison,M. Garel, L. E. Loe, P. Blanchard, N. Pettorelli, and N. Owen–Smith. 2009. Empirical evidence of density‐dependence in populations of largeherbivores. Advances in Ecological Research 41:313–357.

Conference Proceedings

Author Last Name, First Initial. Year. Title. Society. Dates, Location.


Stout, S. L., and R. Lawrence. 1996. Deer in Allegheny Plateau forests: learning the lessons of scale. Pages 92–98 in Proceedings of the 1995 Foresters Convention. Society of American Foresters, 28 October–1 November 1995, Portland, Maine, USA. 

Thesis or Dissertation

Author Last Name, First Initial. Year. Title. Dissertation or Thesis, Location.


Tacha, T. C. 1981. Behavior and taxonomy of sandhill cranes from mid-continental North America. Dissertation, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, USA.


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [USFWS]. 1999. Endangered species database. <>. Accessed 7 Oct 1999. 


Author Last Name, First Initial. Year. Title. Publisher, Location.


Burnham, K. P., and D. R. Anderson. 1998. Model selection and inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, USA.

Book Chapter

Author Last Name, First Initial. Year. Chapter Title. Pages. Editor First Initial. Editor Last Name. Book Title. Publisher, Location.


Mosby, H. S. 1967. Population dynamics. Pages 113–136 in O. H. Hewitt, editor. The wild turkey and its management. The Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C., USA.

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